Additional Notes to 7-25-15 Virtual Church Program

By Noel Rude


תִּשְׁעָה בְּאָב


Deuteronomy 1:1 These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab. … 6 The LORD our God spake unto us in Horeb, saying, … 9 And I spake unto you at that time, saying…


Rabbi Dr. Tzvi Hersh Weinreb

July 24, 2015

It is instructive, for it teaches us how to be honest with ourselves. Moses is humble, but he knows who he is. His self-image does not change in response to the hostility of his detractors, nor does his head swell because of the flattery of those who adulate him. He never loses sight of his mission and task, no matter what is going on in his psyche.

Reading it is a privilege because it is a rare example of a leader who allows us to peek into his inner life and who shares with us his doubts, fears, and hopes.

But more than a privilege, Devarim is a challenge and an inspiration. We are challenged by the awareness that, in many ways, we are no different from Moses. We too have our frustrations, limitations, and unanswered prayers, and we too have the ability to cope, to overcome, and to graciously accept failure and disappointment.


Finally, it is an inspiration to read of a leader who candidly and openly shares his innermost thoughts and emotions for all to know, and for all time. An inspiration surely for all who wish to learn, to strive, to hope, and to persevere.

Genesis through Numbers is presented as if by a third person. Could it be an angel? Stephen (Acts 7:53): “Who have received the law by the disposition of angels…” εἰς διαταγὰς ἀγγέλων


Genesis gives history but never explains the moral of the history. For that you just read on a bit and it becomes clear.


Exodus through Numbers are absolutely explicit regarding the law—the moral law as also the specifications for tabernacle and the sacrifices. But these books never explain the meaning of those things. That meaning, the sages say, is behind the vail.


Babylonian Talmud (Sanhedrin 97a; Abodah Zarah 9a):
תָּנָא דְּבֵי אֵלִיָּהוּ The words of Elijah were studied:
שֵׁשֶׁת אֲלפִים שָׁנָה הֲוֵי עָלְמָא The world endures six thousand years—
שְׁנֵי אֲלָפִים תּוֹהוּ tohu two thousand,
שְׁנֵי אֲלָפִים תּוֹרָה Torah two thousand,
שְׁנֵי אֲלָפִים יְמוֹת הַמָּשִׁיחַ The days of the messiah two thousand.
Tana Devei Eliyahu (תנא דבי אליהו) 2:
יָמִים יוּצְרוּ ‘days were formed’ (Psalm 139:16),
זֶה יוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי לְעוֹלָם this is the seventh day of the world.
לְפִי שֶׁהָעוֹלָם הַזֶּה שֵׁשֶת אֲלָפִים שָׁנָה Six thousand years pertain to this world,
שְׁנֵי אֲלָפִים תֹּהוּ two thousand tohu,
שְׁנֵי אֲלָפִים תּוֹרָה two thousand Torah,
שְׁנֵי אֲלָפִים יְמוֹת מְשִׁיחֶנוּ two thousand the days of our Messiah.


Matthew 11:13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.

Luke 16:16 The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it.

2Peter 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness

קוֹל דְּמָמָה דַקָּֽה

‘a voice of an inarticulate (thin) whisper’


φωνὴ αὔρας λεπτῆς

‘a voice of a light breeze’

[δικαιοσύνης κήρυκα], bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

Exodus 19:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever [וְגַם־בְּךָ יַאֲמִינוּ לְעוֹלָם / καὶ σοὶ πιστεύσωσιν εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα]. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.

Exodus 33:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend.

Numbers 12:6 Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the LORD will make myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream. 7 My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house. 8 With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently [openly], and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the LORD shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?

Deuteronomy 34:10 And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face,

1Kings 19:11 And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the LORD; but the LORD was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in the earthquake: 12 And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice. 13 And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entering in of the cave. And, behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah?

Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony [לְתוֹרָה וְלִתְעוּדָה]: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

Luke 16:31 And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.

Matthew 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.

Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

כִּ֤י נֵ֣ר מִ֭צְוָה וְת֣וֹרָה א֑וֹר וְדֶ֥רֶךְ חַ֝יִּ֗ים תּוֹכְח֥וֹת מוּסָֽר׃

ὅτι λύχνος ἐντολὴ νόμου καὶ φῶς, ὁδὸς ζωῆς καὶ ἔλεγχος καὶ παιδεία

Hebrews 12:18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, 19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more: 20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart: 21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:) 22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, 23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn [ἐκκλησίᾳ πρωτοτόκων], which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant [διαθήκης νέας μεσίτῃ Ἰησοῦ], and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. 25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven: 26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. 27 And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. 28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: 29 For our God is a consuming fire.


The Trinitarian and Binitarian sees Jesus as God – therefore it is God speaking when Jesus speaks

Question for the unitarian: Whence did Jesus obtain the word?

Hebrews 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son…

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made [through it δι’ αὐτοῦ]; and without [it] was not any thing made that was made. 4 In [it] was life; and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

John 5:19 Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.

John 5:30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.

John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.

John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.

John 7:16 Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.

John 8:18 I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me.

John 12:49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. 50 And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.

John 14:10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.


שַׁבָּת חָזוֹן

Today is called the Sabbath of Vision/Prophecy

(theprophetic readings from Isaiah begin today)

Isaiah 1:1-27 1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. 2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me. 3 The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master’s crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. 4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward. … …


נָבִיא ὁ προφήτης

‘one who speaks forth; interpreter; an interpreter or spokesman for God;

one through whom God speaks, one who speaks forth by divine inspiration’


Exodus 7:1

וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה And the LORD said unto Moses, Καὶ εἶπε Κύριος πρὸς Μωυσῆν λέγων·  
רְאֵ֛ה נְתַתִּ֥יךָ אֱלֹהִ֖ים לְפַרְעֹ֑ה See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: ἰδοὺ δέδωκά σε θεὸν Φαραώ,  
וְאַהֲרֹ֥ן אָחִ֖יךָ יִהְיֶ֥ה נְבִיאֶֽךָ׃ and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. καὶ Ἀαρὼν ὁ ἀδελφός σου ἔσται σου προφήτης·


נָבִ֨יא מִקִּרְבְּךָ֤ מֵאַחֶ֙יךָ֙ כָּמֹ֔נִי יָקִ֥ים לְךָ֖ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ אֵלָ֖יו תִּשְׁמָעֽוּן׃

Deuteronomy 18:15 The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; 16 According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. 17 And the LORD said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken. 18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. 19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him. 20 But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die. 21 And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken? 22 When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid of him.


Unsupervised “Prophecy”

In almost all churches one has to be careful talking about the Bible

and avoid the sharp eye of a deacon

Numbers 11:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may stand there with thee. 17 And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone. … … 26 But there remained two of the men in the camp, the name of the one was Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the spirit rested upon them; and they were of them that were written, but went not out unto the tabernacle: and they prophesied in the camp. 27 And there ran a young man, and told Moses, and said, Eldad and Medad do prophesy in the camp. 28 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, one of his young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid them. 29 And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the LORD’S people were prophets, and that the LORD would put his spirit upon them! 30 And Moses gat him into the camp, he and the elders of Israel.


רוּחַ חָכְמָה וּבִינָה

‘a spirit of wisdom and understanding’

Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: 2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; 3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears: 4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. 5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.

1John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.


The Transfiguration

Matthew 17 Mark 9 Luke 9 2Peter 1
1 And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart, 2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light. 3 And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him. 4 Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias. 5 While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased;


hear ye him.

ἀκούετε αὐτοῦ

Shem Tob Matthew has

אֵלָיו תִּשְׁמָעוּן

same as in Dt 18:15


6 And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid. 7 And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not afraid. 8 And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Jesus only. 9 And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.

1 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That there be some of them that stand here, which shall not taste of death, till they have seen the kingdom of God come with power. 2 And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them up into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them. 3 And his raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them. 4 And there appeared unto them Elias with Moses: and they were talking with Jesus. 5 And Peter answered and said to Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias. 6 For he wist not what to say; for they were sore afraid. 7 And there was a cloud that overshadowed them: and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son:


hear him.

ἀκούετε αὐτοῦ


8 And suddenly, when they had looked round about, they saw no man any more, save Jesus only with themselves. 9 And as they came down from the mountain, he charged them that they should tell no man what things they had seen, till the Son of man were risen from the dead. 10 And they kept that saying with themselves, questioning one with another what the rising from the dead should mean.

28 And it came to pass about an eight days after these sayings, he took Peter and John and James, and went up into a mountain to pray. 29 And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was altered, and his raiment was white and glistering. 30 And, behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias: 31 Who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. 32 But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the two men that stood with him. 33 And it came to pass, as they departed from him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias: not knowing what he said. 34 While he thus spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them: and they feared as they entered into the cloud. 35 And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son:


hear him.

αὐτοῦ ἀκούετε

same as in LXX


36 And when the voice was past, Jesus was found alone. And they kept it close, and told no man in those days any of those things which they had seen.

16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17 For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. 18 And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount. 19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: 20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. 21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.



Understanding Takes Work

One has to

  1. Be curious/interested
  2. Free to study (time and permission)
  3. And be honest


Understanding the Word (you cannot just go to the scholars – you have to do your homework – yet we need all the tools of the scholars)

  1. We need Bibles
  2. Bible helps
    1. Concordances
    2. Commentaries
    3. Ancient translations and paraphrases
      1. Septuagint
      2. Peshitta
  • Targumim
  1. Vulgate
  1. The Rabbinical Sages
    1. Mishna
    2. Gemara & Talmud
  • The Midrash
  1. The Gentile Church Fathers
  1. Languages & Linguistics
  2. Archaeology
  3. Contemporary Histories


Titus 1:12 – Paul calls their poet (ποιητής) a prophet

ܐܶܡܰܪ ܐ݈ܢܳܫ ܡܶܢܗܽܘܢ One of themselves, … said, εἶπέν τις ἐξ αὐτῶν
ܢܒ݂ܺܝܳܐ ܕ݁ܺܝܠܗܽܘܢ [even a prophet of their own,] ἴδιος αὐτῶν προφήτης
ܕ݁ܰܒ݂ܢܰܝ ܩܪܺܛܺܐ ܒ݁ܟ݂ܽܠܙܒ݂ܰܢ ܕ݁ܰܓ݁ܳܠܺܝܢ ܐܶܢܽܘܢ The Cretians are alway liars, Κρῆτες ἀεὶ ψεῦσται,
ܚܰܝܘܳܬ݂ܳܐ ܒ݁ܺܝܫܳܬ݂ܳܐ evil beasts, κακὰ θηρία,
ܘܟ݂ܰܪܣܳܬ݂ܳܐ ܒ݁ܰܛܺܝܠܳܬ݂ܳܐ ܀ slow bellies. γαστέρες ἀργαί.

Epimenides of Knossos (Ἐπιμενίδης τῆς Κνωσού)


Psalm 139:16
טז גָּלְמִ֤י ׀ רָ֘א֤וּ עֵינֶ֗יךָ 16 Thine eyes did see my embryo, 16 τὸ ἀκατέργαστόν μου εἶδον οἱ ὀφθαλμοί σου,
וְעַֽל־סִפְרְךָ֮ כֻּלָּ֪ם יִכָּ֫תֵ֥בוּ and in thy book all of them were written, καὶ ἐπὶ τὸ βιβλίον σου πάντες γραφήσονται·
יָמִ֥ים יֻצָּ֑רוּ days were formed, ἡμέρας πλασθήσονται
[וְלֹא כ] (וְל֖וֹ ק) אֶחָ֣ד בָּהֶֽם׃ and for it one of them. καὶ οὐθεὶς ἐν αὐτοῖς.




Ellul, Jacques. 1985. The Humiliation of the Word. Translation by Joyce Main Hanks of La parole humiliée, Éditions du Seuil, Paris, 1981. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.